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WHAT IS NEW IN HERNIA REPAIR ?
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What is an abdominal wall hernia?
Hernia is a protrusion of abdominal contents through an abdominal wall muscle weakness. This weakness might be congenital or acquired through a natural defect site or weakness resulting from previous surgery or injury. Many hernias, particularly those of the groin region are repaired using the keyhole or laparoscopic principle. Other abdominal wall hernias may also be repaired using keyhole method or by minimally invasive surgical techniques. Abdominal wall hernias are rarely repaired nowadays without the use of mesh which provides a non-tension repair and is reliable, durable and minimally painful.

 

ways you can develop a hernia
- Present at birth
- May come about slowly or suddenly
- Excessive straining
- Obesity
- Heavy work or lifting
- Persistent coughing
- Chronic constipation
- Sudden twists, pulls, or muscle strains

What are the symptoms of hernias?
- A noticeable protrusion in the groin or abdomen area
- Feeling pain while lifting
- A dull aching sensation
- A vague feeling of heaviness 
- Nausea and constipation

Types of inguinal hernia

Reducible:
Intestines protrude out of the abdominal cavity but can be pushed back.


Incarcerated:
Protruding intestine or tissue is trapped and can't be pushed back. Sometimes, this needs immediate surgery.

HOW A HERNIA DEVELOPS

To understand what is a hernia is, it is best described as a worn tyre, when there is a tear or a weakness in the tyre wall, the inner tube pushes its way out, forming a bulge on the surface of the tyre.


The human body is also composed of a number of compartments or cavities that are constructed somewhat like a tyre. Each cavity is enclosed by a sturdy wall (like the outer tyre) which is formed by layers of muscle and connective tissue (fascia). This outer wall has several reinforced openings that allow for the passage of blood vessels and such structures as spermatic cord, the inside of the peritoneum, which is similar to the tyre's inner tube.

 

Strangulated:
Protruding intestine is trapped and blood supply is cut off. This can result in gangrene
and death and is a medical emergency. This needs immediate surgery.

Why repair it?
Some hernias can be so painful that they prevent people from enjoying normal daily or physical activity. More important, untreated hernias can be life-threatening.

 

 

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